It refers to chemical identification of a particular enzyme or protein in bodily fluid samples like blood or urine. It is concerned with analysis of bodily fluids for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. The biochemical profile includes a range of tests that measures the constituents of the plasma or serum component of the blood. The large array of biochemical tests can be further sub –categorized into
Sub-specialties of:

  • Routine chemistry- e.g liver and kidney function tests, electrolytes, etc.
  • Special chemistry- electrophoresis
  • Endocrinology- study of hormones
  • Toxicology- study of drugs of abuse
  • Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
  • Urinalysis- chemical analysis of urine along with other fluids such as CSF and effusion
  • Stool Analysis for detection of gastrointestinal diseases.